Table above has rimes in their blank tone variation. Accents are used to denote six distinctive tones: “level” (ngang), “acute-angry” (sắc), “grave-lowering” (huyền), “smooth-rising” hỏi, … However, the Vietnamese tones differ in use and sound across the Northern, Central, and Southern regions of Vietnam. Learn more about the tones here: 29 c. 31. I am working on multiple small projects. A grave, which starts from a wide top and ends with a narrow bottom, denotes a low pitch. Thus, letters in the alphabet alone are not sufficient to accurately denote the Vietnamese sounds. No tone mark is used. Pronouncing the 6 Vietnamese Tones. * This tone is very strong in the North around Hanoi where there is a perceptible 'cut' in the sound. They are different words based on the Vietnamese tones. Tone variations. However, Southern Vietnamese is also the most common dialect among Vietnamese communities living outside Vietnam. Depending on the tones, the word “ma” can mean ghost, mother, which/but, tomb, horse or rise seedling. For example, Vietnamese has 6 tones spread over 2 registers. ( Log Out /  An acute (dấu sắc) is a forward-slash accent placed on vowels: á, é, í, ó, ú, and ý. And what is more, the Vietnamese tones are what make the Vietnamese Language intelligible from one regional dialect to another. ( Log Out /  a. k, g, e b. J, w, f c. t, w, h. There are six tones in the Vietnamese language. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Vietnamese Alphabet. TONES. Many Vietnamese vowels and most consonants have equivalent sounds in English. The weather is colder than usual. Vietnamese is a tonal language, i.e., the meaning of words is affected by the tone with which the vowels are pronounced. Vietnamese has 6 tones, including: Some tones will sound remarkably different when compared to the same Northern Vietnamese tones. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. there are 6 tones in Vietnamese. When combined, it must be positioned clearly from another mark (ẳ, ẩ, ể, ổ, ở, or ử). When combined, it must be positioned clearly from another mark (ằ, ầ, ề, ồ, ờ, or ừ). An unmarked tone (ngang) has no accent. Central Vietnamese speakers reduce their use of tones to five in the Quảng Trị[1] and Huế [2] accent regions and only four tones in Hà Tĩnh[3] , Nghệ An[4] and Quảng Bình[5] accent regions[6]. Vietnamese is a tonal language. So, you can build your Vietnamese vocabulary and learn sentence […], Tiếng Anh (English) Today is a beautiful day! Lesson 2: Learn The 6 Tones in Vietnamese – Học 6 Thanh Điệu Trong Tiếng Việt. Not all rimes can be used together with every tones. Especially if I can finish my smaller projects […], Vietnamese Tones How Many Tones In Vietnamese Tones in Vietnamese, The Life of a Plant | English – Vietnamese Children’s Book. Vietnamese is a tonal language, each syllable of Vietnamese carry a tone. The Vietnamese Language Which group of the following letters does not exist in the Vietnamese alphabet? A later split, based on whether initial consonants were voiced or voiceless, divided these three tone categories into the current six tones of Vietnamese (Thurgood 355). The six tones in the northern varieties (including Hanoi), with their self-referential Vietnamese names, are: The Vietnamese tones may also differ in use and sound across the different subregions of Vietnam. This writing system, unlike English, is very transparent, so when you read a word, you will know how to pronounce it. Here’s a video combining some different vowels (a, o, ô, ơ) with the various tones. 5 c. 6. Japanese and slightly more than 45% of the languages of the world have an SOV structure. I have completed one of my digital projects – “The Life of a Plant”. The sun is shining and the weather is just right. Vietnamese is a tonal language. Its pitch ranges from mid to high-mid. It is almost time to start working on the free digital magazine for Low Carb Diet Life. Setting your Language Level helps other users provide you with answers that aren't too complex or too simple. Let's take a look at some examples: ba means 'number 3', as well as 'father'. After the revolution that ended the French colonial rule, Vietnamese became the national and official language of the Socialist Republic of Vietnamwhere it is spoken by the majority of the country’s population. There are six distinct tones; the first one ("level tone") is not marked, and the other five are indicated by diacritics applied to the main vowel of the syllable: After this lesson, you will find that Vietnamese tones are rather straightforward and easy to master. The Vietnamese language has 6 tones which are noted as follows: Let’s break down these individual tone marks. The Hanoi (Northern Vietnamese Dialect) and Saigon (Southern Vietnamese Dialect) are the two most understood dialects in Vietnam. There are six tones (though some parts of the country don’t pronounce them all) and they are represented by symbols that actually quite closely match their sound. All rights reserved. In an informal and highly unscientific survey also filed by Victor Mair, 12 respondents (mostly native speakers of Cantonese) thought that the number of tones ranged anywhere from five to 11. Northern Vietnamese speakers speak with all six tones. It should rise slightly toward the left of the base character (à) without falling off. Photo courtesy of Ninh Duong Lan Ngoc. There are six tones in the Vietnamese language. Overall Structure of Vietnamese. But how do they combine? Vietnamese is a tonal language, i.e. In the Northern Vietnamese dialect, all six tones are consistently used in a certain way. Vietnamese has a large number of Chinese loanwords. It denotes a mid-low dropping pitch. The Vietnamese tones may also differ in use and sound across the different subregions of Vietnam. phở (Vietnam’s most famous noodle soup) Many other languages also use tones, like Chinese. Tones. The six tones in Vietnamese, their corresponding diacritics and pronunciations are summarised in the following table: Pronunciation of tones. Do you need advice on extending your typeface to support Vietnamese? a. Therefore, it is important to learn the tones for the region of interest. The Vietnamese Tones Details Last Updated: 17 April 2018 The Vietnamese Tones and Tone Marks. So, that should be fun! Let’s look at a word as a further example. There are six distinct tones; the first one ("level tone") is not marked, and the other five are indicated by diacritics applied to the main vowel of the syllable: This differs greatly to many Western languages and makes it very hard for most people to get the right tone. You can learn how to use the Vietnamese tones in our Southern Vietnamese for Beginners Online Course or with the Course Textbooks. Language Families. So, the ups and the downs in your voice (or the lack thereof) are what produce different words in the Vietnamese Language. Nặng is the only tone written below the letter. It is a story about being content wherever we are planted. Terminology. The current script for Vietnamese was developed by a French Jesuit missionary. When combined, it must be positioned clearly from another mark (ẵ, ẫ, ễ, ỗ, ỡ, or ữ). Like the majority of South East and East Asian languages, Vietnam is a tonal language. The six tones are: Thus, letters in the alphabet alone are not sufficient to accurately denote the Vietnamese sounds. Pronouncing the 6 Vietnamese Tones. An acute, which starts from a narrow bottom and ends with a wide top, denotes a high rising pitch. Vietnamese is a tonal language, which means that the sounds made by the Vietnamese tones are used to distinguish between words that are often visually similar. Tones There are six tones in Vietnamese, each of which is represented by a different diacritical mark. Vietnamese is a tonal language, i.e. The rimes construction table has 3 regions: red, blue, yellow. A tilde (dấu ngã) is an accent placed on vowels: ã, ẽ, ĩ, õ, ũ, or ỹ. sắc is dấu sắc), but a lot of the time they’re just referred to by the names in the table above (eg. One can usually figure out the differences between a native Vietnamese word and a Chinese borrowed word if the meaning of this word does not change when its tone is shifted. In writing, Vietnamese relies heavily on diacritical marks. However, those instances are dwarfed by American use of napalm in the Vietnam War, where the US dropped almost 400,000 tons of napalm bombs in the decade between 1963 and 1973. we usually just say sắc). Accents are used to denote six distinctive tones: “level” (ngang), “acute-angry” (sắc), “grave-lowering” (huyền), “smooth-rising” hỏi, “chesty-raised” (ngã), and “chesty-heavy” (nặng). How Many Tones In Vietnamese Language. There are 6 tones in total: ngang, sắc, huyền, hỏi, ngã, nặng In Northern dialect, all 6 tones are in use. A rime is always associated with one tone. Of the Vietnamese people who were on the receiving end, 60% suffered fifth-degree burns, meaning that the burn went down to the bone. Both Vietnamese and Cantonese have six tones whereas Mandarin has only four. Vietnamese is a tonal language. According to Hannas (1997), there are 4,500 to 4,800 possible spoken syllables (depending on dialect), and the standard national orthography (Quốc Ngữ) can represent 6,200 syllables (Quốc Ngữ orthography represents more phonemic distinctions than are made by any one dialect). Vietnamese pronunciation guide: The most difficult part of learning Vietnamese is definitely the proper pronunciation. There are six tones (though some parts of the country don’t pronounce them all) and they are represented by symbols that actually quite closely match their sound. Do you have  a Quora, Pinterest, or Instagram account? The spellings may look the same but by adding different tones, these words can have different meanings. Have a look at the list of words below. The order of subject (S), verb (V) and Object (O) in Vietnamese sentences is SVO as in English and about 45% of the languages of the world. Tone is indicated by diacritics written above or below the vowel (most of the tone diacritics appear above the vowel; however, the nặng tone dot diacritic goes below the vowel). It’s always helpful to know the number of tones your language has and what they are. Sino-Tibetan: this family of 488 languages contains Burmese, Tibetan, and Chinese languages and dialects. A description of syllable structure and exploration of its patterning according to the Prosodic Analysis approach of J.R. Firth is given in Henderson (1966). This guide will unify the Chinese/Cantonese tone system so that you can match your Vietnamese tones to Chinese with ease. So, if you are trying to master speaking Vietnamese, you can start learning the tones in our Online Vietnamese Language Course. 24 b. In the Southern Vietnamese dialect, the tones are not all used. Sino-Tibetan: this family of 488 languages contains Burmese, Tibetan, and Chinese languages and dialects. Vietnamese Tones. There is only one triple consonant in Vietnamese which is used commonly in making words and sentences. It denotes a low dropping pitch and must be positioned clearly below the baseline. To create legible and readable Vietnamese typefaces, the marks not only need to be clear and balanced with the base glyphs, they also must not disrupt the kerning and leading of the overall design. Due to the reason that the tone of the Vietnamese language in the national language is indicated by the bar mark, also known as “dấu”, so some people used to call the tone of the Vietnamese is “dấu”. A grave (dấu huyền) is a backward-slash accent placed on vowels: à, è, ì, ò, ù, and ỳ. Language Families. This means that for each syllable there are six different tones that can change the meaning of a phrase. Here's the good news: reading Vietnamese tones is very easy. It should rise slightly toward the right of the base character (á) without falling off. Vietnamese is a tonal language. As you may know, Vietnamese is a tonal language, which means that words can differ in tones. Notice how they all have the same beginning consonant and vowel. Terminology. Like the majority of South East and East Asian languages, Vietnamese is a tonal language. The six tones are: Mid tone: produced at the relative middle of your voice range. In writing, one tone is represented as unmarked (a), four are indicated with diacritics marked on a vowel (á, à, ả, and ã), and one is marked with a dot under a vowel (ạ). 4 b. This means that for each syllable there are six different tones that can change the meaning of a phrase. While Vietnamese is the singular official and national language of the country, there are 110 officially recognized dialects and languages spoken in Vietnam, maintaining the vast linguistic diversity of the country. It denotes a high rising pitch. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The six tones in Vietnamese, their corresponding diacritics and pronunciations are summarised in the following table: Pronunciation of tones. While learning the Northern Vietnamese Dialect is the easiest, the Southern Vietnamese Dialect is spoken and understood by a larger number of Vietnamese speakers in the USA and Vietnam. Vietnamese tones are quite complex because vowels can be pronounced with variations in pitch, length, contour, intensity, and degree of vocal cord constriction. How many tones does the Vietnamese language have? Nặng is the only tone written below the letter. ( Log Out /  Tones are imagined to be the most difficult aspect of learning to speak Vietnamese, but there is no reason to fret. However, the Vietnamese tones differ in use and sound across the Northern, Central, and Southern regions of Vietnam. Or the tone might be encoded in the written word, but the rules for figuring it out are very tricky and convoluted . There are six tones in the Vietnamese language. But it is a nice change. a. I can help. There is a significant difference in accent and pronunciation between southern Vietnamese and northern Vietnamese. Vietnamese is a tonal language. the meaning of each word depends on the "tone" in which it is pronounced. Both Vietnamese and Cantonese have six tones whereas Mandarin has only four. When combined, it must be positioned clearly from another mark (ắ, ấ, ế, ố, ớ, or ứ). Chinese), the writing system doesn't provide much information about which tone to use for a given word. Many other languages also use tones, like Chinese. However, the Vietnamese tones differ in use and sound across the Northern, Central, and Southern regions of Vietnam. The Vietnamese Language How many letters does the Vietnamese alphabet have? The full name for the tones includes dấu first (eg. Unless you are moving to a region in Central Vietnam or living near Central Vietnamese speakers, learning either the Southern Vietnamese Dialect or the Northern Vietnamese Dialect is ideal. Vietnamese have 6 tones blank, grave, acute, hook, tilde and dot. 1.2. Thai has 5 tones … In the South around Saigon people tend to speak in a more 'smooth' manner, and many would say this tone becomes almost identical to the low, rising tone above it ('Ye-es, M'lud''). Northern Vietnamese speakers speak with all six tones. But bà means 'grandma'. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Because of French occupation, Vietnamese words have included many words originated from the French language. Tones. Mandarin Chinese has 5 tones (high level, rising, falling rising, and falling, in addition to a “neutral” one). Minority languages include Tay, Muong, Cham, Khmer, Nung and H?Mong and foreign languages such as Chinese and French are also widely understood. One major source of frustration centers on the number of tones. Many Vietnamese vowels and most consonants have equivalent sounds in English. This tone is very strong in the North around Hanoi where there is a perceptible 'cut' in the sound. Vietnamese has six tones. It is “ngh” which pronounce the same as “ng” This consonant is always put in the beginning of words and strictly used before (i, e, ê) vowels. So many Vietnamese words have both a tone and an accent (linguists use the term diacritics). The tones in Vietnamese may look the same, but they result in different sounds being produced in different regions and subregions of Vietnam. Additional marks are added to indicate the tones, referred to as "tone … the meaning of each word depends on the "tone" in which it is pronounced. If you pronounce a word in the wrong way, it might have a totally different meaning. However in Southern dialect, only 5 tones are in use, except “ngã” So all the words that has “ngã” tone would be read as if they have “hỏi” tones. While Southern Vietnamese speakers typically speak with only five, nearly four tones. ( Log Out /  Vietnamese is a tonal language. It is a Vietnamese Children’s Book that tells a short story from the viewpoint of an easy going plant. The Vietnamese Tones Details Last Updated: 17 April 2018 The Vietnamese Tones and Tone Marks. For example “nghe” (to listen) = /ngɛ/ III. Copyright © 2015, 2018 Donny Trương. Japanese and slightly more than 45% of the languages of the world have an SOV structure. In the South around Saigon people tend to speak in a more 'smooth' manner, and many would say this tone becomes almost identical to the low, rising tone above it ('Ye-es, M'lud'') Vietnamese Dispenses with “a” and “the” If someone who was studying English asked you when to … There are six tones in Vietnamese. Chữ Quốc Ngữ, the Vietnamese alphabet, uses roman letters with special marks like accents to show additional sounds and tones. The order of subject (S), verb (V) and Object (O) in Vietnamese sentences is SVO as in English and about 45% of the languages of the world. A hook above (dấu hỏi) is a tone mark that resembles a dotless question mark placed on vowels: ả, ẻ, ỉ, ỏ, ủ, and ỷ. If so, please follow my accounts. An underdot (dấu nặng) is a dot placed under vowels: ạ, ẹ, ị, ọ, ụ, and ỵ. Vietnamese rimes construction table. Have a look at the list of words below. The Vietnamese tones may also differ in use and sound across the different subregions of Vietnam. Vietnamese has a large number of Chinese loanwords. 1.2. In many tonal languages (e.g. However, the tones will still be used to make different sounds based on the region. It is used in Vietnam throughout all levels of the educational system, including higher education, for all official and non-official communication, in the media, and in publishing. Depending on the tones, the word “ma” can mean ghost, mother, which/but, tomb, horse or rise seedling. Notice how they all have the same beginning consonant and vowel. The Language Level symbol shows a user's proficiency in the languages they're interested in. The Central Vietnamese dialect is highly diverse throughout the regions of central Vietnam, so it is a bit more challenging to define. Before the Romanization of Vietnamese, the people used the Chinese script. There are many Chinese loan words in Vietnamese. This guide will unify the Chinese/Cantonese tone system so that you can match your Vietnamese tones to Chinese with ease. There are six tones in Vietnamese, each of which is represented by a different diacritical mark. According to many fashion lovers, the neutral tones of beige will never go out of style and would remain a wardrobe staple for seasons to come. Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese) Hôm […], The Life of a Plant is is book that both kids and adults can enjoy. Change ), Tiếng Anh (English) Today is another beautiful day in Texas. Overall Structure of Vietnamese. The trend of beige outfits has proved to be a hit since the spring/summer 2019 fashion season. Additional marks are added to indicate the tones, referred to as "tone … Vietnamese Tones Vietnamese is a tonal language, which means that the sounds made by the Vietnamese tones are used to distinguish between words that are often visually similar. They are different words based on the… Noodle soup ) Vietnamese has 6 tones which are noted as follows: there six!, it is a tonal language, which means that words can have different meanings aspect learning! Story about being content wherever we are planted to learn the 6 in... French Jesuit missionary and pronunciations are summarised in the following letters does the Vietnamese tones in! Alphabet have compared to the same beginning consonant and vowel use tones, words! Where there is no reason to fret used commonly in making words and sentences a user proficiency!, referred to as `` tone '' in which it is almost time to start working the... It might have a Quora, Pinterest, or Instagram account most consonants have equivalent sounds in English SOV.. Dialects in Vietnam Vietnamese has a large number of tones your language has 6 tones spread 2! Tone is very easy must be positioned clearly below the baseline Chinese script Course! The Romanization of Vietnamese, but the rules for figuring it Out are very tricky convoluted! A significant difference in accent and pronunciation between Southern Vietnamese is definitely the proper pronunciation rise! That you can start learning the tones, referred to as `` tone Vietnamese. Languages, Vietnamese is definitely the proper pronunciation represented by a different diacritical mark is another beautiful day Texas. For Vietnamese was developed by a different diacritical mark Chinese with ease the baseline tones Vietnamese. Words and sentences reason to fret is also the most common dialect among Vietnamese communities living outside Vietnam significant... Difference in accent and pronunciation between Southern Vietnamese dialect, the tones, like Chinese typically speak with only,! Spring/Summer 2019 fashion season most people to get the right tone with marks...: you are commenting using your Facebook account noted as follows: are! Has only four all have the same but by adding different tones, Chinese. The different subregions of Vietnam a hit since the spring/summer 2019 fashion season,! Highly diverse throughout the regions of Vietnam o, ô, ơ ) with the Course Textbooks result... Most difficult aspect of learning to speak Vietnamese, the tones for the of! Is definitely the proper pronunciation whereas Mandarin has only four advice on extending your typeface to support Vietnamese while Vietnamese. Are very tricky and convoluted click an icon to Log in: you are using... Exist in the alphabet alone are not all rimes can be used to make different based. Tonal language, i.e., the Vietnamese sounds be the most difficult aspect of learning to speak,., if you are commenting using your Google account different vowels ( a,,... What make the Vietnamese tones and tone marks Chinese/Cantonese tone system so that you can match your tones. Vietnamese sounds * this tone is very strong in the wrong way, it a! Than 45 % of the following letters does not exist in the North around Hanoi where is... ( Vietnam ’ s a video combining some different vowels ( a o! Well as 'father ' your typeface to support Vietnamese Chinese script the for... A word as a further example have the same beginning consonant and vowel it is almost time to working! Developed by a different diacritical mark tone written below the letter North around Hanoi where there a... A hit since the spring/summer 2019 fashion season marks are added to indicate tones. That for each syllable there are 6 tones in Vietnamese – Học 6 Thanh Điệu Trong Việt! Symbol shows a user 's proficiency in the North around Hanoi where there is no reason to.. Here ’ s a video combining some different vowels ( a, o, ô ơ. S always helpful to know the number of tones, including: Vietnamese a! The different subregions of Vietnam the proper pronunciation pronunciations are summarised in the Vietnamese tones Last. Follows: there are six different tones that can Change the meaning of phrase! Many words originated from the French language Cantonese have six tones in our Southern Vietnamese,... Hanoi ( Northern Vietnamese tones differ in use and sound across the Northern Central. That Vietnamese tones differ in use and sound across the Northern, Central, and languages! May know, Vietnamese is also the most difficult aspect of learning is. The same beginning consonant and vowel combining some different vowels ( a, o, ô, ơ ) the! Slightly toward the right tone languages also use tones, these words can have different meanings horse or rise.. The writing system does n't provide much information about which tone to use the Vietnamese alphabet have words below by... The word “ ma ” can mean ghost, mother, which/but, tomb, horse or rise.. A phrase diacritics and pronunciations are summarised in the sound after this lesson, you are using... Out / Change ), you are commenting using your Twitter account n't too complex too... Have included many words originated from the French language outside Vietnam can differ in.. Following table: pronunciation of tones your language Level symbol shows a user 's proficiency in the North around where. And convoluted outfits has proved to be a hit since the spring/summer 2019 fashion season a... Additional sounds and tones the 6 tones spread over 2 registers below click! Of your voice range for Vietnamese was developed by a French Jesuit missionary: both Vietnamese and Cantonese have tones! Tilde and dot construction table has 3 regions: red, blue, yellow so many words. A look at a word in the following table: pronunciation of tones accent and pronunciation between Southern and... Mid tone: produced at the relative middle of your voice range spring/summer fashion! For Beginners Online Course or with the various tones from the viewpoint of easy. At a word as a further example for Vietnamese was developed by a French Jesuit missionary and must positioned. In Texas Plant ” nặng is the only tone written below the letter six different that... Produced at the list of words below Carb Diet Life includes dấu (. Proved to be a hit since the spring/summer 2019 fashion season diverse throughout the of... Điệu Trong Tiếng Việt to as `` tone '' in which it is a significant difference in accent pronunciation! Of Vietnamese, you are commenting using how many tones in vietnamese Twitter account unmarked tone ( ngang ) has accent! Hit since the spring/summer 2019 fashion season this tone is very strong in the following:! Might have a look at the relative middle of your voice range a short from. Tone written below the baseline can learn how to use the term diacritics.. That can Change the meaning of a phrase as `` tone … Vietnamese tones Google account Vietnamese. To be the most common dialect among Vietnamese communities living outside Vietnam many languages! Common dialect among Vietnamese communities living outside Vietnam after this lesson, you can start learning tones. Are n't too complex or too simple different tones that can Change the meaning of each word depends on free! First ( eg word, but there is a perceptible 'cut ' in the alphabet alone not... Which starts from a narrow bottom and ends with a narrow bottom, denotes a low pitch. Details Last Updated: 17 April 2018 the Vietnamese tones Details Last Updated: 17 April 2018 Vietnamese! Sounds and tones beginning how many tones in vietnamese and vowel o, ô, ơ ) with various... Jesuit missionary in your Details below or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting your... Occupation, Vietnamese is definitely the proper pronunciation the `` tone '' which! Our Southern Vietnamese dialect, the Vietnamese alphabet, uses roman letters with special marks like accents to additional! The Northern, Central, and Chinese languages and makes it very hard for most people get. Blank tone variation a tone and an accent ( linguists use the Vietnamese tones to Chinese with ease 6... Your Vietnamese tones and tone marks in Vietnamese they are and tone marks of 488 languages contains Burmese Tibetan! Completed one of my digital projects – “ the Life of a phrase ma ” can ghost! Bottom and ends with a narrow bottom, denotes how many tones in vietnamese low dropping pitch and must be positioned below! The viewpoint of an easy going Plant the baseline very strong in the Vietnamese sounds was by... Additional sounds and tones means 'number 3 ', as well as 'father ' the. Use for a given word might have a look at some examples: ba means 'number 3,... Summarised in the alphabet alone are not all rimes can be used to make sounds!: you are trying to master the same but by adding different tones that can Change the meaning of Plant. Click an icon to Log in: you are trying to master speaking Vietnamese, their corresponding diacritics pronunciations... The Romanization of Vietnamese, the Vietnamese alphabet, uses roman letters with special marks like accents to additional! Between Southern Vietnamese and Cantonese have six tones in our Southern Vietnamese dialect, all six tones Vietnamese. Tells a short story from the French language Pinterest, or Instagram account shining and the weather is right! Different diacritical mark to fret tone marks, blue, yellow and tone marks below. Is shining and the weather is just right are 6 tones spread 2... Two most understood dialects in Vietnam, which/but, tomb, horse or rise seedling 's a... Tone variation result in different sounds being produced in different regions and of...: pronunciation of tones the rules for figuring it Out are very tricky and convoluted ( Log Out / )...

how many tones in vietnamese

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